Short Note on Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa was born on 26th August, 1910. She was an Albanian by birth, but she made her choice to become an Indian citizen.

Early Life: She started her schooling at Albania. In 1928, she came to India and joined a convent school. She saw the poor condition of people living in slum areas. She felt deep compassion for the poor people. She decided to work for the well-being of the poor people.

Career: She established “Nirmal Hriday” at Kolkata to help the homeless.

Character and Personality: She was a simple and pious woman. She adopted a “white saree with blue border” as her dress code.

Awards: She was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1979, Bharat Ratna in 1980 for dedicating her life in for the service of suffering humanity.

Short Paragraph on Postman

A Postman is a person who delivers letters, parcels, etc. at our home and offices. He is familiar figure for every one of us. He goes around different places to deliver letters on the addresses mentioned on them.

People eagerly wait for the postman hoping that he may have brought letter of their dear ones.

Importance: He undoubtedly performs one of the most significant tasks for us.

  • A candidate may lose his job, if the appointment letters are not delivered on time.
  • A businessman may suffer losses if doesn’t get the letter containing orders of his products.

Difficulties: A postman works in difficult environment. During rainy season, we often see him wearing a rain-coat and getting back to work. Sometimes, he has to walk through muddy roads. During summer, he may wear sun-glasses to protect his eyes. All around the year, across all the seasons, he performs his duty without fail.

With the development of good roads in urban areas, the difficulties of the postman has reduces to certain extent.

Conclusion: The fact that a postman performs his duty with sincerity and responsibility makes him a deserving candidate for our respect.

Short Essay on Importance of Indian Railways

Indian Railways

Introduction: Indian Railways has one of the largest networks in the world criss-crossing the nation from North to South and East to West.

This large network is supported by the Railway Stations which serve the dual purpose of providing tickets and allowing passengers to embark and board on the trains.

The process of trains coming and going or crossing the station is one which continues at all hours of the day and night. The result is that the staff keeps working in shifts round the clock.

Importance of Indian Railways

The communication network of Indian Railways, is in one manner the life line of the nation.

Reliable: Goods produced elsewhere, like vegetables and fruits not grown locally are made available through this reliable mode of transport.

Economical: This economical transport system enables the local growers to get adequate returns for the efforts from extended markets. Because the freight charges are very reasonable therefore the cost factor added to these produce for transport do not increase the cost beyond reasonable limits. The same may be considered for the produce grown in abundance locally.

Regular: We must also consider the fact that due to its regular services, the Railways play an important part in making available the products, even in places which are arid where the Railway Station is the unloading point.

Huge communication network: Manufactured goods from factories set up at huge costs at different places in the country are transported through railways. The goods are available even at the furthest point and remote sections due to this huge communication network.

Postal network: Communication is not limited to transport of goods only. The system also carried the post regularly and is a vital cog in the network of the Posts and Telegraph infrastructure of the country. Post Cards and letters sent to even, out of the way rural areas are made available through the Railway Stations. The trains drop the posts at the nearest station from where it is sorted and sent to their destination. It is a matter of vital importance that persons living at extreme points of the country are in touch with each others.

Preferred means of communication for rural people: The other major point is that in a large country like ours, people go thousands of miles away from their native village or town to get employment and earn their livelihood. Their only means of coming back during leave is the Railways. Imagine the times when there was no railways system, people used to travel by horses or bullock-carts. It took them several days and months to go from one place to another. Today it is just a matter of hours before they reach their station.

All the above points proves the importance of Indian railways.

Essay on Discipline


Discipline means order, it means regularity. We have, all of us, to do certain duties and as we live in society. It is inevitable that we should depend on others. That is why every man must do his duty in proper time and in the proper manner.

Let us imagine a family in which everyone gets up in the morning when he likes, in which men take their food at all hours of the day, in which people go out or come back nobody knows when. In such a family there is no order, everyone will be put to inconvenience; no one will get the things he wants of if he gets them he will certainly not get them at the proper moment.

Many of us have a belief that discipline is a matter of rules imposed by an unsympathetic teacher or a cruel boss and that breaking these rules is a sign of freedom. This is a mistaken view of discipline. Discipline is a simple and obvious thing and not a matter of hard, unpleasant rules. If I have to go to a particular place, the bus that takes me to the station must come in the proper time, the station master, the ticket-collector, the driver and the guard  must all be in their place, each doing his bit of work if the trains are to be kept going.

Discipline is to be observed not merely in schools, colleges and offices but in every sphere of life. In every family child should be fought to observe regularity in their conduct and to obey their superiors. Although we may believe in freedom and democracy, no organization can grow and carry on it work without somebody to give command. This habit should be cultivated from boyhood. Then only shall we be able to observe discipline in the larger sphere of life. Discipline, like charity, begins at home.

If children and subordinates have a duty, so have parents and guard­ians and other people who give commands. They should not retain all power in their hands. Everyone should be given some responsibility and allowed some freedom. We can have discipline only when there is cooperation. If rules are reasonable, men and children will enjoy free­dom in obedience.

The importance of discipline is seen in our daily activities. Even If we go to a shop or to market, we see that there are certain rules which customers and shopkeepers alike have to obey. If everyone looks to his own convenience there will be chaos. In these days if you go to buy postcard or to a railway station to buy a ticket you will find a crowd. If everyone wants to have his object first, there will be a row and no one will get what he wants. If, instead, the crowd forms itself into queue, everyone will gain his object in his turn. This is what is called discipline.

The same rule of discipline applies to a number of passengers crowding near a bus. The rules of discipline are not meant to be superimposed. They are a matter of simple common sense. On the road in a busy city we find vehicles crowding from different directions, and there are large numbers of men and women going on foot. If everyone observes traffic rules which are very simple, there will be orderly movement. But if a man rushes along his way or a driver drives his car without consider­ing others, then movement will be stopped and there will be no end of accidents and casualties.

Discipline means thinking of one’s own self and also thinking of others. It is a matter of habit, but all habits are rooted in character. We must realize that society is like a long chain in which we are all links. This is true of our daily life as much as of battles and governmental administration. We must all observe the rule of the road; we must think of others as much as of ourselves. Even the most selfish man has to deal with others, and he will serve his own interests best when he knows that he has to obey certain rules which are for the convenience and benefit of society as a whole.

Essay on Student Life

Student Life

Student Life refers to the part of life that a student spends studying in schools, colleges and universities. Like all other phases of life, student life has its own peculiar joys and sorrows, its own responsibilities and worries.

Responsible: A student carries immense responsibilities on his shoulders. At first sight, he seems to have a free and easy time, because he is not called upon to earn. The students have to depend on their guardians. Students know how hard it is for the guardians to pay for their educational expenses, and no wonder many of them have to combine earning with learning.

His parents pays his fees, purchases books and makes other expenses. He knows, however, that very soon he will have to face the problems of life, that he will not merely maintain himself but also look after others. He has to educate himself and be a man amongst men.

Also, the future development of the nation entire depends upon the young lot of today. Understanding their responsibility, they work hard to become educated citizens of tomorrow.

Examinations: There are so many examinations we have to sit for – periodical, terminal, annual, test and final, to name only the most important ones amongst them. Examinations are probably a good training; many of us would possibly neglect our studies if there were no examination.

Worry about Future: The problem is particularly acute in India where the scope for employment is very limited. The student looks at the vast army of unemployed and unsuitably employed men around him. He fears that he may soon join this army, and the days of youthful freedom will soon come to an end. And these days, too, he is not as free and happy as he seems to be at first sight.

Joyous and Hopeful: The life of a student has many joys and its most important feature is its hopefulness. Except for determined shirkers, all students have the excitement of learning new things day by day, year by year. Failures are depressing no doubt, but there are successes too, and every success marks a definite stage of progress. The pleasure of new learning and the confidence that it produces are enough compensation for all worries and troubles.

Intellectual Progress: This intellectual progress is no doubt the happiest feature of a student’s life.

Love and comradeship: But there are other pleasures and excitements, too. In youth, men and women are warm-hearted, and they have no axe to grind, that is to say, there is little scope for the play of selfish instincts. That is why students form very warm friendships, friendships that often last through life. Students pass the larger part of the day, attend­ing the same classes, reading the same books, sharing the same amusements, participating in the same pranks, and this draws them to one another and binds them with ties of love and comradeship.

Idealism: Student life is also marked by a deep idealism. As pointed out before, in youth men are away from the hard struggle of life; they do not know how ideals fly away at the touch of reality. They have hope and courage, and they want to make the world better. Whenever there is a famine or a flood, it is easy to enlist the services of students. They are here, there and everywhere, trying to do their little bit for suffering humanity.

Forefront in progressive movements: Students are followers but it is they who are in the forefront of progressive movements, in India and all over the world. It is good to see the beaming in their faces.

Team spirit: An important feature of student life is the sense of team-spirit. Students are young men and women full of high spirits. They organize socials, musical soirees, dramas, cultural festivals and sports and games. If we go to the football ground, we find that the majority of players and spectators are students. Men work by themselves and look to their own interests. But students are always for their class, their school or college and their team. It is this loyalty that makes all their ventures enjoyable. If we go to see a students’ match, the shouts and cries of the enthusiastic spectators are often more interesting than the skill of the players.

Limited period: Student life is a period of preparation. Students may join politics, they may take part in sports and games or they may engage themselves in other extra academic acti­vities but they must know that all these are not ends in themselves but part of a training that will fit them for the greater work of life. They must not lose themselves in these other activities in which they can take part in a spirit of detachment. These may be good in their own way, but these must not be allowed to absorb all their energies.

Essay on Importance of Library

Importance of Library

Library is a great blessing. Library is said to be the storehouse of culture. The various books by the different authors and poets form a library. If a man is to be known by the company he keeps, a society is to be known by the number of good libraries it has. Man’s craving for knowledge is eternal. He wants to know more; he wants to enjoy more. But he cannot always move about for various reasons.

Library preserves various types of old and new books. There are also periodicals and daily papers to meet the demands of the people.

In all ages, libraries have been considered the best medium of public instructions. There are different types of libraries, such as private library is only for private use whereas public library is free to all public.

An academic library is an essential part of an educational institution. This type of library collects text books and reference books on different subjects to meet the needs of the students and teachers.

It plays an important role in schools, colleges and universities. The books are issued to the students in term of weekly, fortnightly or monthly basis. Generally a reading-room is attached to this library for reading. In a library we get books on different subjects. There are books on literature, on history, hygiene, science and arts.

So Carlyle has rightly said, ‘that a true university of our days is nothing but a collection of books’.

A library is essential to the cultural progress of a country. It helps the country to fight illiteracy. It is an aid to research work and teaching. It satisfies a thirst for education. It is a boon to the poor and the middle class people. A civilized man cannot do without the library.

Circulating libraries should be set up in rural areas to fight illiteracy. As libraries spread education, every village and town should a public library.

Short Essay on Democracy


Democracy has been defined as ‘the Government of the people, by the people, and for the people’. It is the only form of Government in which the will of the people is reflected in the administration.

In other forms of Government such as monarchy, oligarchy, etc. all the power is concentrated in the hands of one person or group of persons who carry on the administration irrespective of people’s wishes. Even if those types of Government are conducted in the interest of the people, since the people have no connection with the administration, they cannot feel very happy under them.

But though the masses are connected with the Government in a democracy, they cannot, obviously all of them, take an active part in the conduct of the Government.

There was, of course, a time when the number of people in a State was limited and then such a method was possible and people could assemble in one place and take decision on all important matters by majority vote. This was the rule in the city-States of ancient Greece.

But now with the phenomenal increase of population in each State, it is not possible for each and every person in a State to take an active part in its administration. So people have to be represented by persons of their choice, to speak for them in the House of legislature and to keep watch over the activities of the Government.

The next question that arises is, who are the people who can be safely entrusted with leadership in a democracy. A leader should identify himself with the people whom he professes to serve. It is his business to reflect the wishes and frustrations of the people in the council of the nation. Rich or poor whatever he may be, devoted service to the people is the first requisite for leadership in a democracy.

The historical evolution of democracy is an interesting study. In most of the cities in early Europe the Government seems to have been at first monarchical also. But arrogance and oppression provoked rising which in many cases ended by vesting power ion all the free voters.

The weakness of democracy should not be left out of consideration. This form of government attaches greater importance to quantity than to quality and since every person does not possess the same amount of political talents, a democratic government cannot ensure better administration of public affairs.

Further this form of government lacks stability and is not favorable to the development of art, science and culture. But whatever good or evil is the outcome of democracy, people, being more politically conscious nowadays, favor a democratic Government.

Short Essay on Importance of Discipline in Life

Importance of discipline in life

Discipline is one of the most important virtues in human life. It has its birth in human-being’s wish for happiness. In the dim dawn of human history, the need of society was realized when men felt that the law of the jungle no longer appealed to them and that a life of orderliness and obedience, a life of love, peace and co-operation would be more rewarding.

Discipline plays an important role in the overall well-being of a family. In a family, the parents, the children, brothers and sisters and even the servant – all have their allotted duties to perform and the family boat sails on smoothly in all weather if each of them discharged his responsibility. The same thing is true to the society.

Discipline is indispensable for men of every age and at every station in life. It is indispensable at home, in academic life, in the playground, in society, in public life, in the army and police, in fact everywhere. Without law and discipline amongst the people, the society will be thrown into utter confusion.

If the individual members are permitted to do whatever they like, society will break up and the onward march of civilization and progress will be arrested.

Discipline does not mean iron rule. It means willing compliance with a code of conduct prescribed by the superior wisdom for the common good. Its purpose is to see that liberty does not degenerate into license.

Breach of discipline leads to anti-social activities and the liberty of the community itself may be endangered.

There must be someone everywhere to lead the way – father in the family, boss in the office, teachers in the school and so on. The presence of the leader steadies the course of discipline and ensures a smooth working of the machinery.

If people understands the importance of discipline and gladly cultivate this habit, the society to which they belong would turn to be an ideal society.

Paragraph on Education

Education refers to the process of systematically acquiring knowledge and skills. It mainly refers to school, college and university education.

Amongst men’s fundamental rights, there is the right to get educated. This would have appeared fantastic a generation or two ago. In India it was believed in ancient times that reading and writing was a proper occupation for Brahmins and for the other higher castes.

Times have changed. Now, the common people also want to be educated. It may be said that just as every man has the right to get a share of sun-light so everyone has the right to get a share of the light of education.

It is one of the principal duties of the state to educate its people. Higher education is meant for men and women who have the requisite aptitude, but every­one must have elementary education. Every citizen will claim it of the state, and the state will make efforts to ensure that every citizen completes the primary education.

Illiteracy cannot be allowed to continue. Illiterate adults cannot, of course, be sent to primary schools along with children. But the children must be educated. Indeed, it may be said that provision for primary education is one of the crying needs of the day. Ordinarily there should be at least one school in every village. And if such a school is to be managed entirely by governmental funds, it must mean a heavy drain, but the problem must be faced squarely.

There is a good deal of controversy about the type of education that is to be given in primary schools. Some say that this education should be vocational; it must enable the learner to adopt some profes­sion. Others say that primary education should be adjusted to the syllabus in high schools so that a student may easily go in for higher education. There are some who would do without books and lay stress on activity.

Essay on Status and Position of Women in India

Essay on Status and Position of Women in India

Women have been at the forefront in many areas, but their status and position has not changed much. Even today, they face discrimination in the society. Instances of sati, where a woman commits suicide after her husband’s death, are heard of even today. In many families, the girl child is denied education and basic health facilities. It is a long struggle ahead for women of India before they are accepted as equals in society.

There are a few signs of change. Economic liberalization in the country had exposed it to many foreign influences. Satellite television brought about a sea-change in attitudes. Women started participating in many spheres. They are taking up employment in many areas both full-time and part-time. Women started participating in the economic life of the nation in a variety of ways. Slowly, families now are giving as much importance to girls as boys. Girls are frequently scoring better in school and competitive examinations. They have cast off traditional roles and have taken up new responsibilities. Both academically and socially, girls are scoring better.

In offices today, women are increasingly employed at senior positions. There are women secretaries, typists, officers, and executives. In fact, there are certain professions where women are better suited, because of their disposition. In the new millennium, there are going to be more women who will be contributing meaningfully. Some of these areas are education, healthcare and social work. As they understand children better, women make better teachers. Similarly, doctors and nurses are the human face of modern medicine, imparting a healing touch. They are also better able to communicate benefits of family planning to the multitudes. This is not to say that they cannot take up administrative work; women in high government positions have shown that they are more willing to take up challenges and reform the system.

But society has remained male dominated. Modern women face two challenges: they have to manage both the house and their jobs. The burden of traditional roles has not decreased, but the burden of bringing home a second income has been added. Modern women are expected to be superwomen. This has added a new dimension to their roles: they have become equal as far as earning is concerned but real liberty still eludes then.

There are also signs that attitudes towards dowry may be changing, at least in certain segments of society. As nuclear families become double-income and are increasing, dowry may be becoming less important. Male attitudes are also changing. No longer are men mere protectors, but they are contributing in matters of running the family and looking after the house.

Still, India has a long way to go before women get real equality. Independence for women has not come without a price.