Monthly Archives: February 2014

Paragraph on Raja Harish Chandra Movie (1913)

Raja Harish Chandra Movie (1913)

Last Sunday, I went to see the picture “Raja Harish Chandra” at the Sant Theatre. Two of my friends also went with me. The show was to begin at 6-00 p.m. We reached their half an hour earlier. There was a great rush.

We spent some time in looking at the photographs of film stars that were on display in the show cases. They were really very beautiful. We then bought three first class tickets and went in. We occupied comfortable seats.

The hall was large and airy. It was well-lighted and tastefully decorated. Electric fans were working. There was a great noise and rush in the third class enclosure. But the first and second class enclosures were almost empty.

At exact 6-00 p.m. the bell rang. The lights were switched off and there was darkness in the hall. To begin with, some advertisements were displayed on the screen. Then news-reels and trailers were shown. They were followed by the cast of the film. After this, began the actual show.

The story revolved round Raja Harish Chandra, the ruler of Ayodhya. He was a very truthful and honest ruler. He never went back on his word. To keep his word, he had to give up his kingdom and suffer many hardships. The scene of his separation from his wife Taramati and only son Rohtas was very pathetic. His hard lot filled our hearts with sadness. In the end, however, they were all re-united and Harish Chandra got back his kingdom.

The picture was full of beautiful scenes and lilting songs. People remained glued to their seats. The acting of Prithvi Raj Kapoor who played the role of Raja Harish Chandra was superb. It won great applause. Some of the scenes were very thrilling and exciting. We enjoyed the show very much. The story was both instructive and inspiring.

The show came to an end at 9 p.m. We came out, hired a tonga and went home. For many days, those lovely scenes floated before my eyes.

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Essay on Christmas Celebration in India

Essay on Christmas Celebration in India

Christmas is a holy festival of the Christians. Every year, it comes off on 25th of December. It is celebrated all over the world with great pomp and show, zeal and gusto.

Christmas is a yearly celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. Many myths and legends are connected with Christmas. It is said that certain stars appeared in the sky when Christ was born in a manger. Certain wise men of the East, called the Magi, noticed the stars and came to know that Christ was born. They followed the direction of the Stars and came to the place where Christ was born. They brought with them whatever humble gifts they could afford. Thus, started the practice of giving Christmas gifts.

According to another legend God sent His son into the world when vice was prevailing and virtue was declining in the world. The Holy Ghost came to Virgin Mary in a dream. She got conceived and ultimately gave birth to Jesus Christ. Thus Christ is believed to be the son of God who came into the world to relieve mankind of sin and suffering. He took the sins of humanity on his shoulders and died on the cross. He showed the way of love and forgiveness and opened to mankind the doors of heaven.

Christmas is celebrated to commemorate the life, teachings and miracles of Christ. He gave to the world a message of love and kindness. He is remembered as the gentle Lamb of God. He was an opposite of peace. He wanted to establish the Kingdom of Heaven on the earth. He hated sin, but not the sinner. He loved those who hated and persecuted him. “Love your neighbour as thyself,” is his famous saying. “Blessed are they at hunger and thirst after righteousness, for they shall be filled.” But righteousness alone is not enough. The bread of justice must be seasoned with the manna of mercy.” “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.” Love is the sum and substance of Christ’s teachings. “Ye love one another.” He was a staunch believer in the brotherhood of men and fatherhood of God. He taught us to love even our enemies, for an enemy is a man with a wounded soul. “Pray for them that persecute you.” says Christ. He practiced what he preached. His persecutors crucified him, but he forgave them and prayed for them on the cross, “O Lord, give them light. They know not what they do.”

On the Christmas day, the life and miracles of Christ are dramatized. He possessed divine powers. He was seen walking on the sea. He could command the windy waves. He healed the sick and the ailing. He could cure terrible diseases like leprosy. He performed many miracles and saved the lives of many people. For this reason, he is called the Messiah or the savior.

Jesus Christ was a great lover of children. He pinned all his hopes on them. He could not think of the Kingdom of Heaven without them. The children understood him. To them, there was nothing strange or impossible in his fascinating stories about the new Kingdom. Wherever he went, they flocked about him and asked him to play with them. The arrival of Jesus was always a holiday for the children. They were ready to follow him to the ends of the earth. He believed that the wisdom of God is revealed unto the babies. The children listened to his stories with wonder in their eyes and excitement in their faces. He felt sure that these children would help him in building a new heaven on earth.

Christmas is the Diwali of the Christians. It is celebrated with great gaiety and mirth. It is an occasion for festivity and merry-making. Greeting cards are sent, gifts are exchanged and prayers are offered in Churches. It has a special fascination for children. Christmas trees are set up and toys, balloons and sweets are hung by their branches. There is illumination at night. Sweets are hidden under the pillows of children. When children find those gifts in the morning, they believe that Christmas Father has brought them. Houses, shops, churches and schools are white-washed and tastefully decorated. Christmas brings a new hope and joy to the young and the old. Christmas celebrations continue up to the New Year day. In India, all communities join the Christians in celebrating Christmas.

Essay on Onam Festival

Onam Festival

Onam is an important festival of the people of Kerala. It usually comes off in the month of August or September. Men, women and children of Kerala eagerly look forward to this festival. It is celebrated for four days all over Kerala with great pomp and show, zeal and gusto. It is an occasion for utmost gaiety, festivity and revelry. With the advent of Onam, the atmosphere in Kerala is surcharged with dance and drama, song and music, games and sports of all kinds. It is a festival of joy for the people of Kerala.

Onam festival is connected with the legend of King Mahabali who ruled over Mahabalipurum in ancient times. The story goes that King Mahabali deeply loved his subjects. The people of Mahabalipurum were very happy and prosperous. They respected and adored the King like a god of heaven. The respect and regard that the King enjoyed aroused the jealousy of the gods of heaven. They made a plan to dethrone King Mahabali. They sent Vishnu to the King in the guise of a Brahmin boy named Vamin. Vamin appeared in the court of the king and made a request for a piece of land which could be covered by his three small steps. He required that land for purpose of meditation. The king readily agreed to grant his request for such a small piece of land. As soon as the king agreed, Vamin appeared in his true colors and covered the whole area of the earth and heaven in just two steps. There was no space left for the third step. King Mahabali bent his head for the third step to be taken on it. There was no place left either on the earth or in heaven for the king to live. He was, however, permitted to find a dwelling in the under-world. After getting the permission to live in the underworld, Mahabali requested Lord Vishnu to allow him to visit his Kingdom once a year to see his subjects. This request of the King was granted by Vishnu. Onam festival is celebrated to commemorate the day when the King comes to see his subjects.

The Onam festival continues for four days. During these days, young maidens of Kerala take a bath, put on beautiful clothes and go out to pluck flowers. With these flowers, they prepare Rangoli for the reception of the King. The statues of King Mahabali and Lord Vishnu are set up. Lamps are lighted, incense is burnt and prayer and worship are offered. On the last day of Onam, Rangoli is immersed in the water of a river or sea.

Onam is the greatest festival of joy and gaiety in Kerala. On this occasion, Kathakali and other famous dances are arranged. Young maidens of Kerala are wrapped in white saris. They decorate their black and beautiful hair with garlands of flowers. They sing sweet songs, make sweet music and perform beautiful dances. Gods are taken in procession on tastefully decorated elephants. The procession is accompanied by the beating of drums, sounding of trumpets and performances of dance and music. It is really a fascinating spectacle.

Boat races are another attractive feature of the festival. It is a very thrilling and exciting water-sport. The boats which participate in the race are beautifully decorated. From a distance, they look like the bed of Lord Vishnu with the hood of the serpent Sheshnag on one end, its tail on the other. Boats are adorned with flags, buntings, flowers, leaves and blossoms. The boatmen sitting in them row them ahead with great agility and eagerness. Boating competitions are a very thrilling aspect of the festival. Children shoot arrows with the bows. It is a rare delight for them.

Onam comes once a year, but it brings a bundle of joys for the people of Kerala.

Essay on Lohri Festival

Essay on Lohri Festival

Lohri is a typical festival of the Punjab, but it has crossed provincial barriers and gained popularity in Haryana, Himachal and Delhi. Lohri is a winter festival and comes off on the 13th of January every year. It is rooted in Punjabi culture and reminds us of the days of impartitioned Punjab. It is a seasonal festival bidding us to enjoy the bounties of winter. It is festive occasion to celebrate the birth of a son or a new wedding.

Even a few days before Lohri, small boys and girls are seen moving about in small groups from door to door asking for Lohri gifts in the form of money, dung-cakes and fire-wood. They go on piling up these things for celebrations on the Lohri day. On the Lohri day, children are to be seen moving about in the streets early in the morning. They stop at every door and sing in chorus the song of Sundri, Mundri and Dulla Bhatthi. One boy takes the lead and others simply respond in chorus. It is indeed a funny song sung in a funny manner. Bevies of girls go about singing a different song. All those songs are in praise of the newly wedded couples and new-born sons. In return, these singers get gifts of coins, boiled or parched maize and Reoris and Chidwas.

The evening is marked by fun and gaiety. Rice gruel and Sarson Ka Saag are the special dishes cooked in every home. A bonfire is lighted at street corners and in happy and blessed homes, Friends, relatives and neighbours are invited to join the celebrations. Women take the lead in singing and dancing. Bazaars are tastefully decorated. Reoris, Chidwas and parched groundnut are much in demand. After dinner, people sit round the fire and eat Reoris, Chidwas and parched groundnuts.

In villages, drinking is quite common on the Lohri festivals. Farmers are happy because of the rich maize, paddy, cotton and sugarcane crops. Many preparations are made from sugarcane juice. Drums are beaten and Bhangra dance is performed. Sugarcanes are heated in the bonfire and they explode like bombs when they are struck on the earth. Hot sugarcanes are munched and it is believed that it cures chronic cough and cold. Lohri is a festival of joy and feasting. It calls upon the people to eat, drink and be merry.

Much is not known about the origin of Lohri. Even then, it is celebrated in the Punjab with great zeal and enthusiasm. Maghi is a sequel of Lohri. It comes the very next day. In Haryana, Maghi is celebrated with greater zeal than Lohri. It is Shakranti or the first day of the Bikrami month of Magh. The rice gruel cooked on the Lohri evening is distributed and eaten on the Maghi morning. It marks the end of fun and gaiety and people set to their work in right earnest with renewed vigor and vitality. A Punjabi is not a Punjabi, if he does not celebrate Lohri. The Punjabis living abroad also celebrate Lohri with equal zeal and fervor.

Paragraph on Importance of Hobbies in Life

Paragraph on Importance of Hobbies in Life

The Word ‘Hobby’ has been taken from the term “hobby-horse.” A “hobby-horse” is a toy with which the children play in the sweet days of their childhood. The children climb it and prance about, pretending to be riding it. Just as such a hobby-horse is a means of entertainment to the children; a hobby is a source of amusement to a grown-up man.

Thus, a hobby is an amusement or interesting pursuit which a person follows during his leisure or free time. A hobby, therefore, provides diversion from one’s main business. Thus also what is a hobby to one man may be business for another. For example, to one man, photography may be a profession while to another, it may be a hobby.

There are different kinds of hobbies. Different persons are attracted by different hobbies. Some people like collecting things. Others may be collecting books, coins, or stamps. Some others may like collecting wild flowers, leaves and ferns or stones. Some like collecting sea-shells or fossils. There are other persons who like photography, sketching, painting or wood-carving. Still other may like hunting, fishing or playing games. Some people show a great zest for boating and racing. There are some people who like cultivating flowers in their gardens. They like growing roses, lilies, violets and daffodils. Some children take delight in keeping pets such as dogs, parrots and rabbits.

Hobbies have many advantages. A hobby sharpens our sense of observation. It develops resourcefulness. One learns how to satisfy one’s passion or curiosity. A hobby brings happiness and interest in our life when we have nothing to do. Thus, it prevents us from indulging in mischief. A hobby also educates us in many ways and increases our intelligence.

A man who has failed to develop any hobby is bound to remain sad or lonely in life. Time hangs heavy on his hands and he feels frustrated.

Importance of Sports in School Curriculum

Sports in School Curriculum

As they say, “all work and no play makes jack a dull boy”. So, Sports are a very essential part of a School Curriculum. They help in the all-round development of the students.

Sports are held once a year generally in the month of January or February. Students wait eagerly all throughout the year for this annual sports meet.

The School sports take place on the school play-ground. They include different sports events like jumps, races, throws and so on. Students, who are good at athletics, take part in the sports. They are divided into different age-groups. Before the final round, feats are held in order to reduce the number of the participants.

On the day when the sports are held, the playground is nicely decorated and also marked out for the events. The spectators encourage the participants. The successful candidates are cheered up by all as they stand on the victory-stand. Events like musical chairs, teachers’ race, tug-of-war between teachers and the taught and go-as-you-like are most interesting. Teachers conduct the sports.

An eminent person generally gives away the prizes among the winners. Those who cannot succeed, take their failure in a sportsman like spirit and start preparation for success in the next meet.

Short Paragraph on News Paper

News Paper

We all are very eager to know what is happening at home and abroad. We satisfy this curiosity in us by reading the newspaper regularly. It is really a must for modern life.

The newspaper brings the whole world to our door. It contains news about politics, trade and commerce, games and sports, film and theatres etc. We also get in it weather reports and railway time-tables. Articles on different topics such as health, agriculture and industry increase our knowledge. The editorials and the letters to the Editor high-light current issues and form public opinion. Thus, the newspaper has become part and parcel of our life to-day.

But we should be very careful in reading the newspaper. Most of the newspapers are party papers and they try to mislead and misguide the readers.

Short Essay on Autobiography of a Road

Autobiography of a Road

My name is Grand Trunk Road. I am popularly known as G.T. Road. I was born hundreds of years ago when Sher Shah was the emperor. I am now a metallic road but I started my career as an unmetalled one. My body is very long and it runs through so many states of the country. I go through fields and gardens, towns and villages. Every year I am flooded by so many rivers and the flood water washes away the pitch on my body. Countless holes are created on my body. Then they are repaired.

I am very busy road. Buses, trucks and other vehicles run on me all through the day. Pedestrians also walk along me. In my long life, I have been a witness to many happy and sad incidents. I have seen great rulers like Sher Shah and Akbar walking along me. Many funeral processions pass along me. Sometimes, murders are committed and accidents occur on me. Then I feel very sad but I am very helpless.

Short Essay on Autobiography of a Watch

Autobiography of a Watch

I am a wrist watch. My name is Kohinoor HMT wrist watch. I was born at Bangalore ten years ago. I was brought to Calcutta and bought by college student. He used to take care of me very well. I helped him in his studies giving him correct time. He was appointed a teacher in a school. He had to travel in crowded buses to reach his school. One day I was stolen from such a crowded bus by a young man. He did not use me and one day sold me to watch repairer who repaired me and I became very glossy. I looked like a new watch.

An old man bought me from the watch repairer to present me to his grandson on his birth-day. The young man became very happy to have me. So many people saw and praised me very much. Then I became very proud. He often fondled me. I am doing my duty to-day also. Sometimes, I become tried and ultimately stop. Whenever, I am wound up, I start my work again with renewed energy and enthusiasm. However, I am now very old and do not know how long I will have to work this way.

Essay on Autobiography of a Coin

Autobiography of a Coin

I am very old coin and have been in circulation of many years. When I was issued from the mint, I was very bright and fresh. My active life began when I fell into the hands of a gentleman along with other new coins from the counter of a bank. We all were very happy and caressing each other in the purse of the gentleman.

But I was not there for a long time. I was given to a poor barber and he kept me in his box with many other coins. The barber was a great lover of beauty. So he was greatly attracted by my beauty. He often looked at me and fondled me. I stayed with him for a long time. But then came a time when he was forced to give me to a shopkeeper to buy some rice. I was also very much hurt to be separated from the man who loved me so dearly.

Then a customer got me from the shop and on his way home, I was dropped from his hand. Nobody saw me there and I was trodden by many pedestrians. Ultimately a beggar found me to his great pleasure. He was very hungry. So, very soon he gave me to a shop to get his food.

Thus, I have been changing places and persons for a fairly long time. I am now very old and have lost my shine and brightness considerably. The lettering and the Lion’s head have much faded. But I have not yet lost my value.