Communalism is a big problem for India. India is a home of many people with different languages, religions and racial features. India is a vast country. Her rich soil and fame of wealth drew thousands of people from outside.
As a result she has become crowded country offering shelter to many people who belong the different races, speak different languages, and practice differ religious.
Despite her diversity there is a cultural unity which binds all the people of India. We generally observe unity among the people of India which leads to peace and prosperity. But sometimes, we witness the that elements of communal disturbances bring unrest and misery to the people of India.
Communalism in the past:
It is not true that there was no communal disharmony in our country in the past. There are many records of fights and battle that were pursued on communal lines. The whole of the Middle Ages may be looked upon as a period during which almost cease-less fights between the different communities took place. By communal riots then were not as widespread as they are at the present time; nor did they affect so many people at so quick time.
Communal disturbances became a common feature when the English rulers prepared to leave India. Unfortunately the same legacy is still continuing, and India has not yet become free from the curse of communalism even in her post-independent days.
Causes of Communalism in India
Communal disturbances have their chief origin in three factors:
- race or region,
- language, and
Of these the most devastating is religion, for it causes loss of property and life at a lightning speed.
The chief factor lying behind the recent rise of communalism in our country is some people’s craze for narrow political gains.
The role of newspapers in fomenting (increasing) such disturbances is not a little.
It is shortsighted politicians who start the game of communal disharmony which spreads like wild fire all over the country.
Championing the cause of a regional language or the attempt to impose one language over another has given rise to communal disturbances in many places, and lots of innocent bloods have been split for this.
and try to drive them out by causing immense harm to them. s right to settle in any part of their country is seriously hindered.
However, the most deadly form of communal disharmony arises out of religious intolerance. Many innocent and helpless persons die because of religious persecution.
Ways to Combating Communalism in India
Communal disturbances must be controlled with a strong hand.
There should be speedy trial of the trouble-makers.
Movement of people from one region to another and inter-community marriage should be encouraged.
People should be made aware of communal peace and harmony through radio, television and newspapers.
These should take a positive role in curbing and not fomenting communal disturbances.
Messages of unity should also be propagated through songs, plays, and films.
It is in this way that India can free herself from the curse of communalism.